This strategy roadmap illustrates possible steps towards exploitation of Information & Communication Technologies in Large Scale Engineering.

The below table is a textual descripton of the figure explaining each box and its connections i.e. enabling relationships with the other boxes. The map is divided into 4 layers according to target group: LSE industry, ICT providers, research community and society.

eLSEwise WP4, Matti Hannus, RAKLI & VTT, 21Dec97, 18Mar98

Achievement - LSE industry Enabled by Enables
Awaress allows understanding the potentials of ICT to enhance the performance of LSE industry. Wide awareness is expected to lead to consistent and complementary visions shared within the LSE industry.   o Vision
Vision is the fundamental prerequisite to any real exploitation of ICT for LSE. Visions will evolve from the awareness and will enable demanding clients and a holistic life cycle view. LSE companies will turn their visions into new business concepts and will also become learning organisations. (The content of the vision focuses on: predictable LSE delivery, ...) o Awareness o Life cycle view
o Demanding client
o New business concepts
o Learning organisation
Demanding client has a vision of the potentials of ICT and will set requirements on the LSE delivery emphasising whole life cycle instead of lowest project cost only. o Vision
o Life cycle view
o Clients requirements
Life cycle view is an essential part of the vision and will influence the clients requirements. It will enable total life cycle management. o Vision
o Demanding client
o Functional requirements
Total life cycle mgt
Total life cycle management covers facility provision to user, financial management, operation and maintenance. A natural prerequisite is the retrieval of a database to the client containing the as-built LSE faclity information. o Life cycle view
Database to client
o User satisfaction
Functional equirements will need to be expressed to the project team in order to fully support the clients business objectives over the total LSE facility life cycle. Explicit requirements will enable shared goals in the project team and systematic conformance assessment. Functional (~product performance) requirements, rather than prescriptive specifications, will give LSE industry the opportunity and incentives for differentiation. o Demanding client
o Life cycle view
o Shared goals of project team
o Conformance assessment
o Differentiation
Shared goals within the project team are based on the clients requirements. Realising those goals necessitate coordinated ICT management between participants in the dynamic virtual enterprise supplying the project. o Clients requirements
o Coordinated ICT mgt
o Establishment of DVE
Business concepts of LSE companies are likely to be changed according to perceived visions. For many companies differentiation will be a real option. The business concepts will evolve as companies participate in dynamic virtual enterprises. o Vision
o Participation in DVE
o Participation in DVE
o Differentiation
Differentiation of LSE companies will be possible if clients state functional, rather than prescriptive, requirements. Companies will be able to shift their business concept from provision of capacity towards differentiated know-how, win-win business relations, innovation and development. o Functional requirements
o Business concept
o Know-how, win-win, innovation & development
Dynamic virtual enterprise is a network of companies which are working together, driven by shared goals to deliver a LSE facility. DVE uses communication network to overcome the shortcomings of different companies co-working in dispersed geographic locations with different time zones, languages and cultural backgrounds. Participation in DVE will impact the business concepts of member companies. o Trust
Shared goals
o Communication network
o New business concepts
o Business concept evolution
Learning organisation, driven by the vision, is re-using prior knowledge to support decision making. It is also accumulating its knowledge in the form of legacy applications. o Vision
o Legacy applications
o Re-use of knowledge
o Decision support
o Continuous improvement
Prior knowledge is made available from external and company specific libraries that support multiple views enabling versatile assessments. Re-use of knowledge will enable learning organisations. o Libraries
o Multiple views on DBs
o Learning organisation
o Conformance assessment
Libraries support re-use of prior knowledge by making information available from previous projects and from external sources e.g. manufacturers product catalogs. Shared project databases will link such data to specific projects and will also be the source for future re-use of information. o Shared project DBs o Re-use of prior knowledge
Shared project DBs
Database to client can be extracted from the shared project database to support the total facility life cycle management . o Shared project DB o Total life cycle mgt
Shared project database will support coordinated ICT management and workflow management. Data will be retrieved from internal and external libraries and will also be fed back to internal libraries for reuse. On-line access will be available at the construction site. Database technology allows specialist actors have specific views on the data. Information will be extracted into a database to client for life cycle support. Object based LSE specific application tools will be used to create and manipulate information in distributed object databases with open interfaces. o Distributed ODBMS
o Open interfaces
o O-o application tools
o Libraries
o Coordinated ICT mgt
o Workflow mgt
o Libraries
o Multiple views
o On-line site
o DB to client
Legacy applications will be developed in-house, possibly based on commercally available application tools and will support the learning organisation. o Application tools o Learning organisation
Assessmentsof the conformance with client requirements will be made using prior knowledge to support decision making in the process. o Explicit client requirements
o Re-use knowledge
o Decision support
Coordinated ICT management in projects fortifies the shared project goals and directs all participants at achieving them. Information sharing via the project database will be supported by workflow management. Communication network will connect all participants. o Communication network
Workflow management
o Shared project DB
o Shared goals
Communication network connecting the dispersed LSE project participants is based on commonly available technology such as the Internet. It will support the dynamic virtual enterprise in coordinated ICT management and workflow management. o Internet o DVE
o Coordinated ICT mgt
o Workflow management
Decision support will be based on the capablity to perform real time assessments and will support the learning organisation o Conformance assessment o Learning organisation
Multiple views on the shared project database will allow re-use of knowledge for specific purposes. o Shared project DB o Knowledge re-use
On-line site connectivity will be achieved by site specific application tools and access to the shared project database. o Shared project DB
o Application tools
Work flow management will guide LSE project participants to use and provide information into the shared project database. It will use communication network and will emply groupware technologies. o Communication network
o Shared project DB
o Groupware
o Coordinated ICT mgt
Achievement - ICT industry Enabled by Enables
Internet is the main enabling technology for communication network to connect dispersed LSE participants.   o Communication network
Groupware tools need to be adoped for LSE specific working processes to support workflow management in LSE projects. o Process models o Workflow management
Object oriented application tools need to be developed for LSE enabling data at high sematic level to be stored and accessed in shared project databases. o RTD on new tools o Shared DB
Distributed ODBMS enable shared project databases for managing process, product & enterprise data in LSE projects. o Modeling o Shared DB
Open interfaces will be needed to achieve data exchange with shared project databases. o Data exchange standards & research o Shared DB
Achievement - Research Enabled by Enables
Modeling will define the concepts and data structures describing products, processes and enterprises for the implementation of distributed object databases and groupware tools for LSE.   o LSE groupware
o Distributed ODBMS
Data exchange standards and methodologies need to be developed to achieve open interfaces for information sharing.   o Open interfaces
New application areas need to be identified and researched for provision of application tools for LSE.   o LSE application tools
Achievement - Society Enabled by Enables
Regulations o EC, national & regional regulation o LSE achievements above
Education o Renewed curriculums o Most LSE achievements above
Standards o Harmonisation of de jure & de facto standards o Most LSE achievements above